Texas Holdem Poker

The players

Let’s start with the players. There must be a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 10 players in a poker round. The game is played clockwise. There is a dealer – so to speak the one who deals the cards and in the end determines the winner. In online poker he is only the virtual dealer. In private rounds, the dealer is usually part of the game round. So that everyone knows who is the dealer in a poker round, there is a dealer button, a game disc, usually with a big D printed on it. In each new poker round, the dealer button moves clockwise to the next player.

The play money

Game chips are used as spare money in every poker game. In the real game they are called chips or tokens. Without chips, the game of poker makes no sense at all. They come in different colors, which have different values. In casinos, the values and colours are usually precisely defined. In the virtual poker game, i.e. online poker, the chips are only displayed in different colours and the respective values are not shown. Game chips are used to pay the stakes in poker. At the beginning of a poker round, all players start with the same amount of chips. This is called buy-in.

The insert

There is a basic bet of game chips that must be deposited in the middle of the table at the beginning of each poker round in order to be able to play at all. This base bet is set before the start of the game and remains the same in every poker round. The correct term for this in poker jargon is blind. There is a big blind and a small blind – big blind and small blind. The first two players to the left of the dealer receive a blind button – a small disc that indicates which players must play the two blinds in a round. The small blind is half the value of the big blind. These forced bets are necessary to get the game going.

Texas Holdem game description

A poker round in Texas Holdem is divided into a total of five game sections. In four sections, cards are dealt and various game actions are performed. In the final stage of the game, only game chips are bet and the winner is determined.

In the first stage of a Texas Holdem poker hand, each player is dealt only two cards face down, which he does not show to other players. In the next three stages of the game, the poker game is played with additional community cards. In each subsequent stage of the game, a set number of community cards are placed face up in the middle of the table. At the end of the game, the players have a total of seven cards at their disposal, with which they must each form the strongest possible poker hand, a so-called poker hand.

A poker hand consists of five cards. The best poker hand wins.

The game sections are called Pre-Flop, Flop, Turn, River and Showdown.

The actions of each player in each round of poker determine the course of the game and the stages of the game.

When it’s your turn to act in a section of the game, you must take action, i.e. perform a play action. A player can bid, call, raise, fold or continue in any of the game sections.

The following terms are used for the game actions:


If no bet has been placed in a game round except the two blinds, a player can check. This means that this player does not bet and simply passes the game on to the next player.


Bet is for bidding. When it’s your turn, you bid. Bids must be at least the value of the big blind.


If a player does not want to check, bed, raise or call in any part of the game, he has only one option – fold. In folding, a player folds out of the current round of play and returns his cards face down to the dealer.


If a player has already bid before, subsequent players can call the bet that was placed before – i.e. call. This means that they pay the bet of the opponent in the same amount to stay in the game.


Players and subsequent players may raise previously placed bets. A raise must be at least twice the original bet.

The game segments

Before the dealer deals the playing cards from one of the three game sections, Flop, Turn and River, and places them face up in the center of the poker table, he puts the top card from the deck face down. These playing cards are called Burn Cards. This process is not used in online poker because players do not have the opportunity to look at the dealer’s virtual cards.

When playing poker at the poker table, the Burn Cards are designed to prevent a player from gaining an advantage because he may have seen the next community card before the dealer has turned it over.

1. Pre-Flop – the poker game begins

First, the two players sitting after the dealer must clearly post their respective blinds in front of them. Only then are the two playing cards dealt to all players face down in a clockwise direction. The player to the left of the dealer receives the first card, the dealer is the last player in the order in which they are dealt.

2. Flop – the game actions are initiated

It is the turn of the player seated after the big blind. He can play the Call, Raise or Fold game actions. So, settle, raise or fold. Logically, the player with the small blind on the call only has to bet enough to match the big blind. If one or more players raise the bet in one stage of the game, the game action in that round must continue until all the remaining players have all bet the same amount. Each raise must at least be balanced by the following players, but can be re-raised in a re-raise, etc. After that, the entire betting moves to the middle of the table and becomes the so-called pot. Only then does the dealer deal three more cards, which he places face up in the middle of the table. This is the flop. The game continues with the inclusion of the three cards, which are then shared. Only those players who have not folded will continue.

3. Turn – the next round

With their own two face-down playing cards from the pre-flop and the face-up playing cards on the flop, each player now combines their best possible poker hand for this and the possible next stage of the game. The action begins with the first player left of the dealer remaining in that hand. In this round, the Check, Bet, Call, Raise, or Fold action starts over until all players remaining in the hand have made the same bet. After that, the entire betting returns to the center of the table and becomes part of the pot. Only then does the dealer deal another card, which he places back face up in the middle of the table. This is the turn.

4. River – the last round

With their own two face-down playing cards from the pre-flop and four face-up playing cards from the flop and the turn, each player now once again combines their best possible poker hand for this and the possible last leg of the game. The action restarts with the first remaining player to the left of the dealer. He can only perform the Check or Bet play options. After that, the remaining players can perform the Check, Bet, Call, Raise or Fold actions as in the previous stages of the game, until all remaining players in that round have made the same bet. After that, all bets go back to the center of the table and become part of the pot. If there are at least two players remaining in the hand, the dealer will deal a final card, which he places back face up in the middle of the table. This is the river.

5. Showdown

In this last possible round, the actions bet, call, raise or flop can be carried out as before until all bets are equal. The players remaining in the game at the end of the round turn over their two cards face down. The dealer now determines the best hand, i.e. the best poker hand that wins the pot. In the event of a tie, the pot is divided equally among the players with the best hands. However, the best poker hand does not necessarily have to win this round.

Game end

In each stage of the game, a winner of the respective poker round can already be determined. A player wins the pot accumulated in the respective round when all other players fold from the game.

When bidding, players can also go all-in. This means they bet all the game chips they have left. When other players can call and no other game action is possible, their face down playing cards are revealed and the remaining community cards are dealt to the center of the table. The best poker hand wins, this applies to Texas Holdem as well as the other variations of the poker game.

If the poker round is played through to the final stage of the game, the best poker hand in the showdown wins.