Poker language

To play poker at all, it takes a little bit of preparation. It’s actually no different than any other card game, but in poker there are a few peculiarities that need to be learned. One of them is the special poker language – the technical terms in the game are in English. This may be a little confusing at first, but in itself is easy to learn. There are general terms and more specific ones depending on the game.

For all poker variants there is a whole variety of basic terms in English. Since some game variants use even more specific terms, these are only mentioned here in passing. In addition to the most frequently used basic terms, there are a number of terms that are used occasionally.

The most frequently used basic terms
in the poker language


A special form of bidding or bidding or raising. The player bets all his remaining chips – in other words, he “puts it all in”.


Everything a poker player has available as playing capital.


Bidding with poker chips is always the first betting action in a game round. When it’s your turn, you can bid. Bids must be at least the value of the big blind.

Big Blind

In Texas Hold’em, it is the higher of the two fixed forced bets that the second player after the dealer must place. In each game round, the big blind moves clockwise to the next player.


Bluffing, i.e. deceiving your fellow players through various bidding actions so that they finally put their own poker hand away and you win the pot yourself.


This is the dealer button, which indicates the player who is in the dealer’s position. The dealer button is in the blind position before the two players.


A buy-in is the amount of money a poker player must bring with them to participate in a poker game or tournament. The amount is always fixed in advance. The player is given a seat at the poker table and a certain amount of chips.


If a player has previously bet or raised, subsequent players can call the bet or raise – i.e. call. This means that they pay the bet of the opponent in the same amount to stay in the game.


If no bet has been placed in a game round except the blinds, a player can check. This means that this player does not bet and simply passes the game on to the next player.

Community Cards

This is the name given to the playing cards that are placed face up in the middle of the poker table in the different poker variants. Each player can use them to form their poker hand. These community cards are sometimes called “Shared Cards” or “Window Cards”. When all community cards have been dealt face up, the term “board” is used.


The first three revealed community cards in the game variant Texas Hold’em.


If a player does not want to check, bed, raise or call in any part of the game, he has only one option – fold. In folding, a player folds out of the current round of play and returns his cards face down to the dealer.


The game hand held by a poker player. However, a hand is also referred to as a whole poker game round.


Basically the value of the different poker hands in the poker game.


When only two players remain in a poker hand and finish the game, it is called a heads-up.


A side card that a player has in his hand, in addition to the other cards he has used to make a pair. The kicker can have a big influence on whether a player wins or not with his poker hand in the showdown.


A player’s play action when betting on the first round before the flop. He only pays the amount of the big blind and does not raise.


Mostly an online game with low set buy-ins and forced bets.

No Limit

This is the name given to poker variants that have no betting limit. Players can bet all amounts, even all their chips at once.

Post Flop

The part of the game after the flop has been dealt.


The total amount of poker chips bet in a poker hand that can be won.

Pre Flop

The part of the game before the flop was dealt.


Players and subsequent players may raise previously placed bets. A raise must be at least twice the original bet.


After the final betting round, if there are at least 2 players left in the poker round, there is a showdown. The dealer decides who has won by comparing the poker hands of the players.

Small Blind

In Texas Hold’em, it is the lower of the two fixed forced bets that the first player after the dealer must place. In each game round, the small blind moves clockwise to the next player.


This is the usual abbreviation for the game variant “Sit and Go”. It is mostly used in poker tournaments. The game of poker starts as soon as the predetermined number of players is reached.


This is how the pile of chips on the table in front of a poker player is called.


A stake is the table limit, i.e. the minimum stake in a poker game.

Under the Gun

This is the position in a poker hand that must play first after the two blinds. It is, so to speak, under pressure and has a good opportunity to shape the game.

Late Position

This position is split between two players in a poker hand, who play last. These are the dealer and the player directly in front of him, called the cutoff.

Out of Position

This is the player who is first in a game round (not the first game round) and must perform a game action.


In the language of poker, playing tight means being very selective, especially with the starting hands, and in general, the very cautious game of bidding.

Learned enough about the language of poker? Then you should now take a closer look at the different poker variants.