Five Card Stud Poker
Five Card Stud can be played with a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 10 players. A changing dealer, with the dealer button (sometimes called the Stud Button) in front of him, deals the cards clockwise and is also the arbiter. In the few existing online games of these variants, the dealer is only the virtual card distributor.
The play money
In Five Card Stud Poker, game chips, also called chips or tokens, are required. Usually they come in different colors that distinguish the different values. Real casinos have their own chips with precisely defined combinations of values and colours. In the online poker game they are called stakes, chips or game chips for simplicity. They are only displayed in color and individual chip values are not shown. Game chips are important in every poker game to pay the bet and bidding.
In Five Card Stud, the stakes are capped when bidding. At the beginning of the Five Stud poker game, all players have the same amount of chips in front of them. Before the first cards are dealt, all players must first deposit a fixed amount, the ante. This is called the buy-in. The ante is immediately part of the pot and does not count as a bidding action. Some Five Card Stud variations do not include the ante.
The Five Card Stud Poker game is divided into five game sections called Streets and Showdown. They are called in detail: Second Street, Third Street, Fourth Street, Fifth Street and Showdown. In four of these sections, playing cards are dealt and various game actions are performed. In the final section of the game, only the winner is determined.
In this poker variant, each player is first dealt two playing cards – one face down and one face up. He does not show the face-down playing card to the other players. The Five Card Stud Poker game is played in the next three stages with three more cards face up for each player. In each stage of the game, players have the opportunity to perform various game actions to ultimately win the pot with their poker hand or the most skillful bidding tactic. Depending on the stage of the game, they can bid, call, raise, fold or continue.
The game segments:
A Burncard is, as always, put away before each card is dealt. The dealer then deals each player one card face down (hole card or down card) and one card face up (door card), starting with the player to his left.
The face-up playing cards are called Up Cards or Show Cards. Whether or not it is the first part of the game, it is called Second Street, based on the two playing cards laid out.
Second Street - The game begins
The Five Card Stud Poker game starts in the first part of the game with a so-called “Bring In” or “Bring”. This is a fixed bet that must be made by the player who must start. This Bring In is also predetermined. It is usually slightly higher than the ante and lower than the big bet. All game bets such as Bring In, Small Bet and Big Bet are always fixed in advance. In a $5/1$ game, the smaller amount would be called the Small Bet and the larger amount would be called the Big Bet.
The player who has the lowest ranking card after the first two cards are dealt, initiates the first action. He must pay the Bring In to the center of the table.
If two or more players have the same card value, the suit is included to determine who starts. The card suit from low to high applies as follows: Clubs, diamonds, hearts, spades. Card suit names are easier to remember in English – they are conveniently arranged in alphabetical ascending order: clubs, diamonds, hearts, spades.
The player who has to start can only perform two game actions – the bring-in or pay the amount of the small bet. The next player has several playing options. He can fold, i.e. return his cards to the dealer face down and not pay anything else into the middle of the table. He then just watches the game. However, he can also call, i.e., call the amount previously paid by the first player and make up the difference. Or he can raise, i.e. raise to the small bet limit. If one of the players in this first round of betting has called for the first time, subsequent raises must always continue in small bet increments. You cannot raise in big bet increments in the first round. The next players can do all of these actions as well, but their bets cannot be more than twice the previous bet when they raise.
In Five Card Stud Poker, the first round of betting is limited to one bid and three raises. This means that after the third raise, the bidding is capped. Then only the “call” or “fold” actions can be performed. This applies if more than two players are still active at the beginning of this first betting round. A bring-in of less than the small bet does not count as bidding for this – after the bring-in is completed, three raises can be made.
This second street is completed when all active players have paid the same amount of bets, or when there is only one player left who will win the bet in the pot.
Third Street – the second round
All players who are still active are now dealt one card face up. The player who has the best show cards at the end of the second street will be dealt the first card and the first action will begin.
This player can either bet the amount of the small bet or check and pass the game on to the next player. All players after him can check, call, raise or fold. It is quite possible that all players in this round check. This is called “being checked around” in poker jargon. Starting on third street, there is a change in betting and raising. Now, you can only bet or raise by the Big Amount. All other game actions and rules of this round remain exactly the same as in the previous section.
Die Fourth Street – the third round
Fourth Street begins when there are at least two players remaining. You are dealt one card face up and have four playing cards in front of you – three face up and one face down. The game play in this section is exactly the same as in the previous section.
Die Fifth Street –the fourth round
At the beginning of Fifth Street, the remaining players are dealt one last card face up. All game actions and betting limits are the same as in the previous round. When all players but one put their cards away, the winner is determined.
There are Five Card Stud variations where the last card is dealt face down to the players. This can make the game more interesting.
The showdown - last round
Now it is determined, usually by the dealer, which player has the strongest poker hand – he wins the pot. The still active players reveal their Down Card, starting with the player who was first in Fifth Street. However, it can also be agreed that the player who raised last must show his card. Any remaining player is free to reveal his card. If he does not turn it over, he surrenders, so to speak. He then throws the card away and does not reveal it.
If there is a tie, there is a rule that the pot is divided equally between the players concerned. However, the suits of these players’ cards are not taken into account.