The players

In all roulette variants, any number of players can play along. The players sit at French and European Roulette tables while playing. At the American Roulette table the players stand.

The play money

In the game of Roulette, the bet is called chips. Jetons replace real currency. Each player can play at a Roulette table with as many chips as they wish. Usually the Roulette game chips come in different colours representing different values.

The insert

The chips cannot be wagered by players at any amount. There are certain upper and lower limits for roulette tables in general and individual bet types in particular. The table limits determine the minimum and maximum amount that can be bet per game. Casinos usually have different Roulette tables with different table limits, such as High Limit (High Roller) and Low Stakes Roulette. Depending on the table, however, the amounts that can be bet on certain types of bet also vary. More about this later under winning odds. The limits prevent the bank from being blown up at high stakes and also protect players from playing themselves into ruin at extremely high stakes.

Game description

In the roulette game, each player plays for himself. Since it is a game of pure luck, each player decides for himself on which number or chance he will bet and with how much win or loss he will leave the roulette table. The game of Roulette requires a special Roulette table with an ivory ball, chips, one or more croupiers with a croupier stick and a marker. In Online Roulette, all these classic Roulette elements are only displayed virtually. However, in live casinos played online, players see some of these real Roulette elements on their screens.

The game is opened in which the croupier asks all players to place their bets. The request “Make your bet” can be made in different languages. Roulette is originally a French game, so the announcements are often in French. The players then have a certain amount of time to make their bets. The bets can also be distributed in combinations of different numbers, colors, etc. For more information, see “Other betting options”. Depending on how busy the betting is, the croupier determines the time when he spins the ball into the roulette wheel. He then ends the betting with the words “No more bets”. Even if Roulette is played online, this announcement is made.

The ball rolls out and lands in a box on the Roulette wheel on a number between 0 and 36, with the zero on a green box. All other numbers are either on a black or red field. The croupier announces the winning number with number and color and the other odds. The croupier removes all bets that have not won with the croupier stick. Then the payout of the winnings begins. The winnings are placed right next to the original bet. In the online game, players do not see how other players bet – the impression is created that the player is playing alone at the virtual table. Either the software rolls the ball or in live roulette play the player only sees the roulette wheel and the croupier. He places his bet on the virtual Roulette table in front of him by clicking the mouse. The payouts are made accordingly via the software. As soon as the winnings are paid out, the game starts all over again.

Roulette table

The Roulette table differs in design depending on the style of Roulette that is played. The game tables differ according to French Roulette, European Roulette, American Roulette and Racetrack Roulette.

The number arrangement on the table does not reflect the number arrangement in the Roulette wheel. There is a field for each number in the Roulette wheel, including zero. These numbers are distributed on a grid consisting of three columns and three thirds, called dozens. There is the 1st dozen with the numbers 1 to 12, the 2nd dozen with the numbers 13 to 24 and the 3rd dozen with the numbers 25 to 36. Then there are six more fields for the easy odds: the numbers 1-18, even numbers, the color red, the color black, odd numbers and the numbers 19 to 36.

The French and European Roulette tables differ not only in the name but also in the visual arrangement. What is represented in the European Roulette with red and black diamond is represented in the French Roulette in the words Rouge (for red) and Noire (for black).

The fields of even and odd numbers are called Odd and Even in European Roulette and Impair and Pair in French Roulette. The first half of the Roulette numbers are called 1-18 in European Roulette and the second half with the high numbers 19-36. In French Roulette the first half of the numbers is called Pass and the second half Manque. The first, second and third dozen numbers in European Roulette are called 1st 12, 2nd 12 and 3rd 12 and in French Roulette these so-called Douzaines are called Premier, Millieu and Dernier respectively, which are abbreviated to P12, M12 and D12.

According to French Roulette rules, the fields Passe, Pair and Noir are located on one side of the number fields (tableau) and red. Impair and Manque are on the other side. The dozen P12, M12 and D12 are sometimes shown twice on real Roulette tables from founders of good accessibility. The columns are only shown as blank fields at the end of the number field.

And according to the European Roulette rules, the column fields with the number field form the inside bets. The three column fields are only marked 2 to 1. The other betting fields are all located on one side of the inside bets and are called outside bets.

The only difference between the rules of American Roulette is an additional field next to the zero (0) and double zero (00). This gives a few extra betting opportunities. A split bet can also be placed on these two numbers for the same payout.

In the Roulette wheel of French and European Roulette, the numbers on the wheel are arranged exactly the same. In American Roulette the double zero is added, but the numbers in the wheel are also arranged in a completely different way.

Roulette betting options and odds

Here is an overview of the different ways to bet the chips on the roulette table, the language differences and the winnings that may be paid out. One chip:

Bets onGermanEnglischFrench
one numberEinzelne ZahlStraight up betPlein
two numbersZahlen nebeneinanderSplit betCheval
three numberseine QuerreiheLine betTransversale pleine
four numbersvier NachbarnCornerCarré
five numbersdie ersten VierFirst FourLes quatre Premiers
six numberszwei QuerreihenSix LineTransversale simplex
twelve numbersDutzendDozenDouzaines
twelve numbersKolonnenColumnColonnes
eighteen numberseinfache ChancenSimple ChancesChances simples

The so-called simple chances include the colors red and black, even and odd and the first 18 and second 18 numbers.

Further setting options

In the game of Roulette there are also various traditional betting patterns that can be played. Here is a brief overview:

The zero play

To understand the Zero game, it is best to take a look at the European and French Roulette wheel, especially the numbers around zero. The Zero game requires four chips. The following seven numbers next to the zero are played as three chevals and a plein: 0 and 3, 12 and 15, 32 and 35 and the 26th number. The payout depends on which number has been hit and corresponds to the cheval 17:1 and the plein 35:1


The first four numbers

In European Roulette these are the numbers 0, 1, 2 and 3, which are called First Four and are paid at 8:1.

The first five numbers

In American roulette, the first five numbers are 0, 00, 1, 2 and 3, which are called first five and are paid at 6:1.

Setting to number groups

This type of betting is also known as French betting. It involves betting on numbers in different areas of the Roulette wheel. These types of bets include voisins du zero, tiers du cylindre and orphelins, which are explained below:

Voisins du zero

Voisins du zero is a rather large placement of the chips. It requires nine chips covering 17 numbers. Two chips must be placed on the corner 0,2,3 and on the cross of the numbers 25 / 29. Then Chevals with one chip are placed on each of the numbers 4 and 7, 12 and 15, 18 and 21, 19 and 22 as well as 32 and 35. It is often referred to as the Big Series 0-2-3. Depending on where the number falls, Carré, Transversale pleine or Cheval are paid out accordingly.


Orphans means “orphans”. Orphans are the numbers on the Roulette wheel that are not covered by the Zero game, Tiers du Cylindre and Voisins du Zero. This requires five chips covering eight numbers. Chevals with one chip each are bet on the numbers 6 and 9, 14 and 17, 17 and 20, 31 and 34, and the fifth chip is bet on 1. Depending on which number falls, a cheval or plein is paid out accordingly.

Tiers du cylindre

Tiers du cylindre basically means zones of the wheel. All the numbers on which you place the wheel are opposite the zero. You need six tokens, which cover 12 numbers. Chevals with one token each are bet on the numbers 5 and 8, 10 and 11, 13 and 16, 23 and 24, 27 and 30 as well as 33 and 36. It is also known as a small series 5-8. Depending on where the number falls, a cheval is paid out accordingly.


Kavouras is one of the newer betting patterns in Roulette. Eight chips are required to cover twenty different numbers. One chip is placed on the square of the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, two chips are placed on the Simple 31 to 36 and one chip is placed as a Cheval on 8 and 11, 13 and 14, 15 and 18, 17 and 20 and 27 and 30. Accordingly, a Cheval, a Carré or a Transversale simplex will be paid out.

roulette winning odds

Transversale pleine11:1
Les quatre Premiers8:1
Transversale simplex5:1
Chances simples1:1

The winning odds show how high the probability is theoretically of winning with your chosen betting tactics. Using the example of the Chances simples (Rouge, Noire, Pair, Impair, Passe and Manque), it is easy to see why the 1:1 payout applies here – it is a “simple” bet with a 50% chance of winning. In purely mathematical terms, however, the chance is sometimes less than 50 percent, because the game of Roulette can surprise many a player with the special Roulette rule La Partage / En Prison rule.

Speial rule

En Prison-/La Partage-Regel

Most casinos apply this rule. In online gaming, it is usually not applied or in slightly modified form. However, for the sake of completeness, it is good to know this rule.

The En Prison/La Partage rule applies to all chips that are placed on Rouge, Noire, Pair, Impair, Passe and Manque, i.e. the Chances Simplex. It can be a curse or a blessing when the zero falls. Then all bets except the Zero usually go empty. However, the Chances Simplex are not completely lost for the players when the En Prison/La Partage rule is applied. All chips in these boxes are moved to the outside edge of the Roulette table by the croupier. There they are “En Prison” or “stuck”. Whether the next ball lands on the player’s Chances Simplex determines whether the bet is unlocked or lost to the bank. If the player wins, the bet remains on the table and moves back to the respective Chances Simplex field. The next ball decides again as usual between winning and losing.

As an alternative for this game scenario, a player can make use of the La Partage rule. In this case the stake is not moved En Prison, but half of it is paid out to the player. The lost other half of the bet goes to the bank and is therefore lost. However, this is only possible with double the minimum bet and even-numbered bets. When this special rule is applied in online casinos, most of them apply the La Partage rule and a divisible amount is paid back.

Roulette variants

Racetrack Roulette

The racetrack is an image of the roulette wheel printed on the roulette table next to the tableau. Everything else is the same as in French Roulette, including the rules. It is possible to bet on the numbers of the racetrack. The neighbourhood of the numbers does not correspond to the neighbourhood of the numbers on the Roulette table. This provides additional betting opportunities. Especially betting on groups of numbers such as voisins du zero, tiers du cylindre and orphelins is much easier because they are displayed. In Racetrack Roulette Online, clicking on the desired number groups automatically triggers the betting of the corresponding chips on the tableau.

Double Ball Roulette

The Double Ball Roulette, also called Double Ball Roulette table is a newer version of the Roulette game, which is mainly played online. It offers additional betting opportunities. There are three different playing fields. In addition to the classic tableau and the racetrack, there is also an oval area in this Roulette variant. The tableau and the racetrack are played as normal. Only the winnings are different.

Each inside bet on the numbers wins if at least one of the two balls lands on the number bet. The winning rules for outside bets on the easy odds are slightly different. Winnings are only paid if both balls land on the respective numbers. Example: If the bet is on red, there is no payout if one ball lands on black and one ball lands on red.

The winnings can theoretically be multiplied many times over if chips are placed on numbers in the oval area. However, in order to win, both balls must land on the same bet number. This is highly unlikely and therefore the odds of winning are also very high.

In Double Ball Roulette Online there are many more interesting variations. These include the Multi-Wheel Roulette, Mini Roulette, 3D and Card Roulette.

Roulette jargon


The Tronc is a French word that can be roughly described as a collection bag or tip. Many casino visitors are not aware that all employees of most casinos, including online live casinos purely on the tips of the guests are rewarded. There are a few unwritten rules for the payment of the tronc. When a win, a portion of the profit is paid into the Tronc. Usually with the words “for the employees.” How much is tipped is up to each player. Usually, however, for higher winnings on the inside bets, about one piece (token) for the Tronc. There is also the possibility to deposit into the Tronc in the online live game.


Rateau means “rake” in German. The Rateau is the stick or slider that the croupier uses to move the chips around the roulette table or to display the winning number.


A dolly is an invention of the American roulette game. It is a small, handy marker that is placed on the Roulette table on the winning number. In the French and European Roulette game today, dollies are also used rather than the guess. Also in the online roulette game a dolly is used, but in virtual form.